The Role of Jade in Ancient European Cultures

The Role of Jade in Ancient European Cultures

While jade is most commonly associated with Asian cultures, particularly China, this precious stone has also played a significant role in ancient European societies. From its use in artifacts and jewelry to its spiritual significance, jade has left a lasting imprint on the cultural fabric of Europe. In this blog post, we will delve into the fascinating role of jade in ancient European cultures.

Jade in Neolithic Europe

The story of jade in Europe begins in the Neolithic period, also known as the New Stone Age. Archaeological findings suggest that jadeite axes were a common feature of this era. The stone's durability made it an ideal material for creating tools and weapons. However, the axes' intricate designs indicate that they were likely used for ceremonial purposes rather than practical ones.

It's interesting to note that jadeite was not locally available in most parts of Europe. The stone had to be imported from regions that are now modern-day Italy and Greece, suggesting that ancient European societies engaged in long-distance trade to acquire this precious material.

Jade in Ancient Greece and Rome

Jade's significance continued into the classical period in Greece and Rome. In ancient Greek culture, jade was associated with the god of medicine, Asclepius, and was believed to have healing properties. Physicians would often use instruments made of jade to treat various ailments.

In ancient Rome, jade was considered a symbol of virtue and moral integrity. It was also believed to protect against kidney diseases. Roman soldiers often wore amulets made of jade to ensure their safety and success in battle. The stone's green color, which was associated with fertility and rebirth, made it a popular choice for jewelry and decorative objects.

Jade in Celtic and Viking Cultures

Jade also held a special place in Celtic and Viking societies. The Celts, known for their intricate metalwork, often incorporated jade into their designs. They believed that the stone could provide protection against evil spirits and enhance one's courage and strength.

Similarly, the Vikings valued jade for its supposed magical properties. They used the stone in amulets and talismans, believing it could bring good luck and ward off negative energy. The Vikings also used jade in their burial rituals, placing jade artifacts with the deceased to accompany them in the afterlife.


The role of jade in ancient European cultures is a testament to the stone's enduring appeal. Its spiritual significance, healing properties, and aesthetic appeal made it a prized possession in various societies. While the use of jade in Europe may not be as well-known as its use in Asia, it's clear that this precious stone has played a crucial role in shaping European history and culture.

At Beijing Jewels, we celebrate the rich history and cultural significance of jade. Our collection features a wide range of jade jewelry, from traditional designs inspired by ancient cultures to contemporary pieces that reflect modern trends. Explore our collection to discover the timeless beauty of jade.

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